Are you facing Mental illness or depression? Find life saving solutions.

Hi Guys,

Mental illnessToday I am going to share a taboo subject called Mental illness. People use to hide these type of disorders if their kids or they themselves are facing this problem. I have found that there should be no hesitation in talking about these issues. I hope this article will help you to overcome depression, stress, fear or demotivation towards life.

What is mental illness?

mental disorder also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioural or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning. Such features may be persistent, relapsing and remitting, or occur as a single episode.

The recognition and understanding of mental disorders have changed over time because of Awareness. Categories of mental illness diagnoses may include mood disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, eating disorders, developmental disorders, personality disorders, and many other categories. Mental disorders have been found to be common, with over a third of people in most countries reporting sufficient criteria at some point in their life. They feel lonely and want to leave this world. There are many different categories of mental illness and many different facets of behaviour and personality that can become disordered.

The feeling of stress or fear can become disordered so that it is unusually intense or generalized over a prolonged period of time. Commonly recognized categories of anxiety disorders include specific phobia, Generalized anxiety disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Agoraphobia, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Post-traumatic stress disorder. Relatively long lasting affective states can also become disordered. Mood disorder involving unusually intense and sustained sadness, melancholia or despair is known as Clinical depression (or Major depression), and may more generally be described as Emotional Dysregulation. Patterns of belief, language use and perception can become disordered.

Mental illnessSome Mental illness disorders:

  • Bipolar disorder involves abnormally “high” or pressured mood states, known as mania or hypomania, alternating with normal or depressed mood. This can be harmful in some states.
  • Schizoaffective disorder is a category used for individuals showing aspects of both schizophrenia and affective disorders. This is the mixture of two states.
  • Schizotypy is a category used for individuals showing some of the traits associated with schizophrenia but without meeting cut-off criteria.
  • Psychotic disorders centrally involving this domain include Schizophrenia and Delusional disorder.
  • The fundamental characteristics of a person that influence his or her cognitions, motivations, and behaviors across situations and time – can be seen as disordered due to being abnormally rigid and maladaptive.
  • Categorical schemes list a number of different personality disorders, such as those classed as eccentric (e.g. Paranoid personality disorder, Schizoid personality disorder, Schizotypal personality disorder), those described as dramatic or emotional (Antisocial personality disorder, Borderline personality disorder, Histrionic personality disorder, Narcissistic personality disorder) or those seen as fear-related (Avoidant personality disorder, Dependent personality disorder, Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder).

What are the 5 signs of mental illness?

  1. The first sign is a Change in Personality. If someone is acting like a very different person, or not acting or feeling like normal.
  2. Uncharacteristic stress, Anxiety, Anger, fear or Moodiness.
  3. Social Withdrawal and loneliness, a state of Isolation.
  4. Doing something unusual for example Lack of Self-Care or Risky Behaviors.
  5. A  Feeling Overwhelmed or sense of Hopelessness.

If you see the above signs in someone then take care of him/her. Try to handle the situation and if the condition is intense then do consult any consultant.

Mental illness may be a common life experience:

Abnormal is the new normal — at least for mental health. A new study finds only a small share of the population stays mentally healthy from age 11 to 38. Everyone else experiences a mental illness at some point in life.

An estimated 26% of homeless adults staying in shelters live with serious mental illness and an estimated 46% live with severe mental illness and/or substance use disorders. Approximately 20% of state prisoners and 21% of local jail prisoners have “a recent history” of a mental health condition.

Facts by NAMI.

Why don’t people talk about their depression?

Mental illnessPeople don’t talk about their depression because people don’t want to talk about depression, period. If someone is depressed and they’re not talking to you about it, chances are it’s probably because you are not talking about it.

The problem is, a problem you can’t talk about is really two problems.

But as long as we talk about depression like it’s uncommon, as long as we remain surprised by it, as long as we think of it as a problem only for the weak… we make it harder for those living with depression to open up.

What is the most serious type of mental disorder?

Serious mental illness includes diagnoses which typically involve psychosis (losing touch with reality or experiencing imagination) or high levels of care, and which may require hospital treatment. Here I will discuss two the most common severe mental illnesses:

  • Schizophrenia
  • Bipolar disorder (or manic depression).

SCHIZOPHRENIA

Mental illnessSchizophrenia is a serious mental illness that affects a person’s thinking ability, and that can continually change their perception of reality, their emotions and their behaviour. Often the schizophrenia occurs when a person is in their late teens or early twenties. Although schizophrenia can also begin in later years. Approximately 1 in every 100 people are affected by schizophrenia.

Causes

Many Scientists have identified a number of potential causes of schizophrenia. It can be from genetic factors to emotional causes such as a traumatic experience or physical injuries to the brain and problems in the brain’s development.

Symptoms

Symptoms of schizophrenia can be divided into two categories: positive symptoms and negative symptoms.

Positive symptoms:

It usually occurs in the initial phase of the illness. The positive symptoms tend to be more extreme, and are termed ‘positive’ because they involve an ‘excessive’ experience, such as a psychotic or unstabled episode. Positive symptoms can include:

  • Personal beliefs that are false and based on incorrect inference about external reality; these beliefs are firmly based on incorrect imagination. 
  •  When a person experiences or perceives things/persons/events that don’t exist. This may be through any of the senses: to be seen, heard, smelt or felt.
  • Disturbance in the thinking process can include a chaotic stream of thoughts or a sudden loss of all thoughts.

Negative symptoms:

Negative symptoms tend to be longer-term symptoms. These are termed ‘negative’ because these describe a loss of normal functions. Negative symptoms include:

  • Lack of emotions and self-motivation
  • Tiredness or a lack of energy
  • Becoming withdrawn and isolated – Loneliness
  • A loss of concentration, Difficult to put attention on something. 
  • A loss of interest in life, suicidal attempts are also part of this.
  • Sleep deprivation or Insomnia

Treatment:

Schizophrenia is a treatable disease. People diagnosed with schizophrenia are normally prescribed medication which targets positive symptoms. There are a number of medications now available, and you can discuss the choice with your doctor, taking into account side-effects and other issues.

BIPOLAR DISORDER

Bipolar disorder (or manic depression) is a serious mental illness that causes extreme shifts in the mood of a person. People with bipolar disorder often have recurring states of mania and depression throughout their lives, although many are free of symptoms between these states.

Causes:

It is believed that Bipolar is inherited disorder. Bipolar disorder is known to run in families, so genes are believed to be a significant factor. However, as with schizophrenia, stressful life events or physical injuries, as well as other factors, can lead to the onset of symptoms of the illness.

Symptoms:

The main symptoms of bipolar disorder are as follows:

Manic behaviour such as:

  • A continuous elevated or euphoric mood
  • Irritability and restlessness
  • Increased energy
  • Inflated self-esteem
  • Little need for sleep
  • Talkativeness
  • Increased sex drive
  • Racing thoughts
  • Inability to focus or concentrate
  • Risk-taking
  • Increased spending

Depressive behaviour such as:

  • A persistent subdued or sad mood
  • Anxiety
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in life
  • Change in appetite or body weight
  • Insomnia/oversleeping
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of energy
  • Lack of sex drive
  • Self-harm and suicidal thoughts
  • Feelings of guilt and worthlessness
  • Difficulty concentrating

A person can face both types of symptoms at the same time.

Treatment:

There are effective medicated treatments are available for manic depression. Often care and treatment will combine medication and psychosocial treatment.

The most common treatment used during the manic phase of bipolar disorder is lithium carbonate, a mood stabilising medication. Depression may be treated with anti-depressants and talking treatments such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).

But what can you do to help?

Mental illnessI’m not talking about professional help here. There are a time and place for that, but you won’t even know if you don’t hear from the people around you, to begin with. And even for people already getting therapy, there’s still a lot of good from having someone to just talk to.

Don’t wait for people to tell you they’re depressed: ask them if they are. Don’t wait for people to tell you they’re on the verge of giving up: make the first move.

Suggestions:

  • If you are facing mental illness try to share this with your family or any good friend.
  • Go to any Consultant and get treatment.
  • Try to involve in healthy activities such as games, books and outings.
  • Be with those people, with whom you feel comfortable.
  • Get prescribed medication or speech therapy.
  • Do Yoga in the early morning.
  • Buy some stress relief plants e.g. Jasmine, Lavender, Rosemary, Aloe Vera, Chrysanthemum, Areca Palm.
  • Live life & Love Others.

 

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Written by Huma Shaikh